Your skin is the largest organ on your body. It’s important for you to take good care of your skin at all times. However, skin disorders can occur, even if you’re getting enough sleep and drinking plenty of water. Here are some of the most common skin conditions and how your dermatologist can treat them.
You Notice an Irregular Mole
It’s normal to have a mole or freckle. However, there are some birthmarks that can seriously change over time. While it’s normal for most moles to change in shape or size, there are some signs that tell you it’s a serious problem. A mole that changes in color or bleeds easily is generally the first sign of melanoma or skin cancer.
If detected early, the mole can be removed with surgery. If it spreads, it can be harder to treat. If you’re not sure about that mysterious mole, make an appointment with your dermatologist. He or she can examine with a dermatoscope to see if you need a biopsy. The dermatologist would have his surgical tools on the mayo stand and would remove the mole and send it to the lab for further testing.
You Have Painful Cystic Acne
Acne is painful enough on its own. But acne that appears in red, irritated clusters that hurt can signify something serious. Cystic acne doesn’t form a “head” the way other pimples do, making it harder to get rid of. Most acne products on the market don’t even work on cystic acne.
Contrary to popular belief, cystic acne is not caused by having an oily face or not washing your face. It’s a result of hormones, stress, and bacteria that’s hard to remove. A visit to your dermatologist can result in a shot of diluted steroid to reduce the pain and swelling as well as the appearance of acne. Other ways to get rid of cystic acne include antibiotics, Accutane, birth control, and topical retinoids.
Your Skin Is Dry, Flaky, and Irritated
It’s normal to get dry skin during the wintertime. This can be treated with body lotion or an ointment from the drug store. But most people don’t realize that dry, flaky, and irritated skin is known as a skin condition called eczema.
Your dermatologist will examine your skin to determine if you have the skin condition or not. Treating eczema involves changing your diet and overall lifestyle. After going through your medical history and taking several tests, your dermatologist will request various treatment options, depending on the severeness of your eczema. Some of these treatments can include corticosteroid injections, creams, bandages, light therapy, and oral medication.
You Have Rough, Scaly Patches
Other times, rough scaly skin can be caused by a condition called psoriasis. This autoimmune disorder occurs when your skin cells are growing too rapidly. This means your body cannot keep up with the shedding skin cells, allowing them to pile on top of each other in silvery scales. Changing seasons or suffering from the common cold can be enough to trigger psoriasis.
Like eczema, psoriasis involves a look at your medical history as well as a skin examination. Treatment options include light therapy, topical creams, corticosteroids, and prescription medication. Your dermatologist may even advise you to wash your skin with salicylic acid or coal tar. Treatment depends on the severity of your skin condition.
Your Skin Gets Red Easily
While it’s natural to blush, having redness all over your face and body is not a good thing. It’s not normal to have inflammation, broken blood vessels, and red bumps that look like acne. This skin condition that is known as rosacea and can be caused by stress, cold weather, spicy foods, sun exposure, and increased physical activity.
If your skin looks flushed, visit your dermatologist right away. She or he will examine your skin and determine what’s wrong. You may be prescribed light treatment therapy, prescription medication, or topical creams. The best way to combat rosacea is to avoid extremely hot and cold weather, use sunscreen, and use a humidifier.
Keep your skin happy and hydrated at all times. That includes drinking plenty of water, avoiding alcohol as much as possible, and getting plenty of sleep at night. Following a skin care regimen and sticking to it can also help combat some of these skin disorders. Ask your dermatologist for any suggestions on how you can keep your skin beautiful and clear.